- 1 What are approach minimums?
- 2 When can you descend on an approach?
- 3 What type of approach must be requested by the pilot who then must remain clear of clouds?
- 4 What is considered established on an approach?
- 5 What is NDB approach?
- 6 What is a final approach fix?
- 7 Can you go around after minimums?
- 8 How far out is final approach?
- 9 When would you request a contact approach?
- 10 What is the difference between contact and approach?
- 11 Is RNAV a precision approach?
- 12 How do you recognize the missed approach point on the Lnav VNAV approach?
What are approach minimums?
“Approaching Minimums ” you are about at your minimum descent altitude (MDA) or decision altitude (DA). ” Minimums ” means you’ve arrived at that altitude. Pilots use those phrases to alert the pilot flying when he us getting close to the ground.
When can you descend on an approach?
“Maintain 3000 until established on the localizer.” Or, “Cross FIXXX at or above 3000.” Once you meet those conditions, you ‘re safely in TERPS-designed territory and can descend on the approach profile.
What type of approach must be requested by the pilot who then must remain clear of clouds?
John: “A Visual Approach is an approach conducted on an IFR flight plan which authorizes the pilot to proceed visually and clear of clouds to the airport. The reported ceiling at the airport must be at or above 1000 feet with visibility of three miles or greater.
What is considered established on an approach?
While the FAA generally defines “ established ” as being “stable or fixed on a route, route segment, altitude, heading, etc.” the order also notes that “an aircraft is not established on an approach until at or above an altitude published on that segment of the approach.”
What is NDB approach?
An NDB Approach is a non-precision approach providing lateral guidance only. The Final Approach Course (as published on the relevant approach chart) utilizes a radial from the NDB to provide this lateral guidance.
What is a final approach fix?
FINAL APPROACH FIX ( FAF ) — A specified point on a non-precision instrument approach which identifies the commencement of the final segment. FINAL APPROACH SEGMENT — That segment of an instrument approach procedure in which align- ment and descent for landing are accomplished.
Can you go around after minimums?
When it comes to instrument approaches, you can go all the way down to the published minimums, without seeing a thing. The flight visibility (that you observe) must meet or exceed the minimums published for the approach, and.
How far out is final approach?
An average ILS approach has the Final Approach Fix (FAF) approximately 6 miles from touchdown. The landing gear is usually extended when passing over the FAF. This standardizes the approach and ensures that it is stable.
When would you request a contact approach?
A contact approach will only be issued if the aircraft is operating clear of clouds with at least 1-mile of flight visibility, with a reasonable expectation of continuing to the destination airport under those conditions.
What is the difference between contact and approach?
The answer is: a contact approach. It’s flown the same way as a visual approach, but you don’t need the airport in sight. You need to remain clear of clouds, have 1 statute mile of flight visibility, and reasonably expect to continue to the airport in those conditions.
Is RNAV a precision approach?
LNAV approaches are non- precision approaches that provide lateral guidance.
On an LPV or LNAV / VNAV, the missed approach point is that point at which the glide slope intersects the Decision Altitude (DA).