Contents

- 1 How do you find the magnetic variation on a chart?
- 2 What is magnetic variation in aviation?
- 3 Are aviation charts magnetic or true?
- 4 How do you find magnetic variation?
- 5 How do you remember magnetic variation?
- 6 Does magnetic declination change over time?
- 7 How do you find variation?
- 8 Do I add or subtract magnetic declination?
- 9 What is the cause of magnetic variation?
- 10 What is the purpose of magnetic variation?
- 11 Do pilots use magnetic or true north?
- 12 What is the difference between true and magnetic?
- 13 Are VOR magnetic or true?
- 14 What is the difference between magnetic and magnetic heading?

## How do you find the magnetic variation on a chart?

How to Find Your Magnetic Course Anywhere on Earth

- Plot the true course on your chart and measure the direction.
- Find the variation by one of the two methods shown above.
- Add westerly variation to true course; subtract easterly variation from true course.

## What is magnetic variation in aviation?

Magnetic declination or variation – is the angle on the horizontal plane between magnetic north (the direction the north end of a compass needle points, corresponding to the direction of the Earth’s magnetic field lines) and true north (the direction along a meridian towards the geographic North Pole).

## Are aviation charts magnetic or true?

Aviation sectional charts use true north for their orientation. The second north— magnetic north—is the location of the molten core of the Earth, which is constantly (and quite rapidly) moving.

## How do you find magnetic variation?

If it is 3 degrees East then the Magnetic Compass Course of 100 degrees M would be 103 Degrees T. If the variation was West, then you would be subtracting West (the opposite of adding East). If you are going from Chart (True) to Helm ( Magnetic Compass) then it would be opposite.

## How do you remember magnetic variation?

Magnetic versus True Use this mnemonic to remember that with variation west, the magnetic direction is going to be “best” or greater than true. Variation is added to true to arrive at magnetic, or subtracted from magnetic to get true. With variation east, magnetic will be “least” or less than true.

## Does magnetic declination change over time?

As the earth’s magnetic field varies over time, the positions of the north and south magnetic poles gradually change. The magnetic declination at a given location also changes over time.

## How do you find variation?

To find the variation for any given year we need the variation from the compass rose and the year for which it was correct, then add or subtract the annual change. This would be rounded up or down to the nearest whole degree for practical use.

## Do I add or subtract magnetic declination?

Whenever you transfer a magnetic bearing taken in the field to your map, you add the magnetic declination to get the true bearing. Whenever you transfer a bearing taken from your map to the field, you subtract the magnetic declination to get the magnetic bearing to follow.

## What is the cause of magnetic variation?

Magnetic declination varies both from place to place, and with the passage of time. Complex fluid motion in the outer core of the Earth (the molten metallic region that lies from 2800 to 5000 km below the Earth’s surface) causes the magnetic field to change slowly with time. This change is known as secular variation.

## What is the purpose of magnetic variation?

1. In navigation, at a given place and time, the horizontal angle between the true north and magnetic north measured east or west according to whether magnetic north lies east or west of true north. See also magnetic declination.

## Do pilots use magnetic or true north?

Most large aircraft use inertial reference units and flight management systems that complete calculations using True North and add magnetic variation values from tables to display information to pilots.

## What is the difference between true and magnetic?

What’s up with Magnetic North vs True North? “ True north” is the northern axis of rotation of the Earth. It is the point where the lines of longitude converge on maps. “ Magnetic north” is the point on the Earth’s surface where its magnetic field points directly downwards.

## Are VOR magnetic or true?

VOR degrees are magnetic, not true, so you can read your magnetic course for that location right from the VOR rose. Again, the difference between the true course you’ve drawn on your chart and the magnetic course that runs through the VOR rose is the magnetic variation.

## What is the difference between magnetic and magnetic heading?

Magnetic Course: True course corrected for magnetic variation. Magnetic Heading: True heading corrected for magnetic variation. You can determine the magnetic variation from a sectional map. True Course: The aircraft’s course over the ground relative to true north.