FAQ: What Does Rotate Mean In Aviation?

Why do pilots say rotate on takeoff?

Pilots say rotate because it is a verbal queue that an airplane has reached its predetermined rotation speed (frequently abbreviated to Vr). This is the speed at which control inputs can be applied to lift the nose off the runway and make the airplane fly away.

How does an aircraft rotate?

A yaw motion is a movement of the nose of the aircraft from side to side. The pitch axis is perpendicular to the yaw axis and lies in the plane of the wings. The torques cause the aircraft to rotate. The elevators produce a pitching moment, the rudder produces a yawing moment, and the ailerons produce a rolling moment.

What is rotate takeoff speed?

Vr or Rotate is defined as the speed at which the pilot begins to apply control inputs to make the aircraft nose to pitch up, after which it leaves the ground.

What does V1 V2 rotate mean?

When the airplane attains the Vr speed, the pilot who is not manipulating the controls calls ” Rotate,” then the flying pilot applies aft yoke or side stick to raise the nose. It can be said that V1 is the “commit to fly” speed. V2 is the speed at which the airplane will climb in the event of an engine failure.

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Why do pilots say heavy?

When a pilot uses the phrase “ heavy,” he is reminding ATC that his aircraft is large and requires more separation between it and the aircraft following.

Why do pilots call out 80 knots?

A:The 80 – knot call is to ensure that both airspeed indicators are functioning and indicating properly. The rudder is becoming effective at that speed, too.

When taking off what does rotate mean?

In aviation, rotation refers to the action of applying back pressure to a control device, such as a yoke, side-stick or centre stick, to lift the nose wheel off the ground during takeoff. After rotation, the aircraft continues to accelerate until it reaches its liftoff speed VLO, at which point it leaves the runway.

How do pilots know when to rotate?

The point of rotation is based on the speed of the aircraft. At a speed called Vr, the pilot applies back pressure to lift off the aircraft. Vr depends on so many factors, like the mass of the aircraft, prevailing temperature, winds, airport elevation etc..

What does rotate mean?

Definition of rotate (Entry 2 of 2) intransitive verb. 1a: to perform an act, function, or operation in turn. b: to pass or alternate in a series. 2: to turn about an axis or a center: revolve especially: to move in such a way that all particles follow circles with a common angular velocity about a common axis.

What do pilots say before landing?

Thank you.” To indicate the landing clearance or final approach, the Captain will either make the following announcement and/or blink the No Smoking sign. “Flight attendants, prepare for landing please.” “Cabin crew, please take your seats for landing.”

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Why do pilots say blue?

The callout from the pilots like “LOC blue ” serves to remind themselves of the current flight guidance modes, and to maintain awareness of mode changes. This is also to ensure that their mental idea of “what the aircraft will do next” is up to date and fits to the current flight situation.

What are the V speeds in aviation?

Regulatory V-speeds

V – speed designator Description
V S Stall speed or minimum flight speed in landing configuration.
V S1 Stall speed or minimum steady flight speed for which the aircraft is still controllable in a specific configuration.
V SR Reference stall speed.
V SR Reference stall speed in landing configuration.


What is V1 speed for a 737?

V1, approximately 145 KIAS, is decision speed. Above this speed, it may not be possible to stop the aircraft on the runway in case of a rejected takeoff (RTO).

What do pilots say when taking off?

Deadhead. While they may indeed be Grateful Dead fans, ‘deadhead crew’ is the common phrase used by pilots when referring to off -duty pilots and/or crew who are on board the plane as passengers.

What does rotate speed mean?

Vr is defined as the speed at which the rotation of the aircraft should be initiated to takeoff attitude.

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