- 1 Where is the minimum crossing altitude?
- 2 What is minimum controllable airspeed?
- 3 What is the purpose of Oroca?
- 4 What is minimum reception altitude?
- 5 What does MOCA mean in aviation?
- 6 What is the difference between Mora and Oroca?
- 7 What is minimum maneuvering speed?
- 8 What is VMCG speed?
- 9 What is Vsse speed?
- 10 Is Oroca MSL or AGL?
- 11 What is the difference between MEA and MOCA?
- 12 What is a changeover point?
- 13 How do you calculate minimum safe altitude?
- 14 What is MAA altitude?
- 15 Can you fly below the MEA?
Where is the minimum crossing altitude?
The MCA is related with signal reception and obstacle clearance; this will be indicated by a flagged [X] on NOS and Jeppesen charts as an airway number and altitude. The pilot should climb to the MCA before reaching the intersection; in that way the MCA will not be violated.
What is minimum controllable airspeed?
By definition, the term “flight at minimum controllable airspeed ” (MCA) means a speed at which any further increase in angle of attack or load factor, or reduction in power will cause an immediate stall. As airspeed decreases, control effectiveness decreases disproportionately.
What is the purpose of Oroca?
An off-route obstruction clearance altitude ( OROCA ) is an off-route altitude that provides obstruction clearance with a 1,000-foot buffer in non- mountainous terrain areas and a 2,000-foot buffer in designated mountainous areas within the United States.
What is minimum reception altitude?
In aviation, minimum reception altitude (MRA) is the lowest altitude on an airway segment where an aircraft can be assured of receiving signals from off-course navigation aids like VOR that define a fix.
What does MOCA mean in aviation?
Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude ( MOCA ). The MOCA is the lowest published altitude in effect between radio fixes on VOR airways, off-airway routes, or route segments that meets obstacle clearance requirements for the entire route segment.
What is the difference between Mora and Oroca?
MORA (minimum off-route altitude). The OROCA (minimum off route obstruction clearance altitude) on the U.S. government’s IFR en route charts serves the same purpose, except clearances are 1,000 feet in non-mountainous areas and 2,000 feet in designated mountainous areas.
What is minimum maneuvering speed?
DMMS: Defined minimum maneuvering speed. This is similar to the speed that airline pilots polled in the video are referencing when they talk about maneuvering speed being a minimum, not a maximum. Gryder calculates the number as 1.404 times VS, to account for a margin above stall speed in up to a 30-degree bank.
What is VMCG speed?
Definition. Vmcg is defined as the minimum speed, whilst on the ground, that directional control can be maintained, using only aerodynamic controls, with one engine inoperative (critical engine on two engine airplanes) and takeoff power applied on the other engine(s).
What is Vsse speed?
Safe single-engine speed ( Vsse ) is the minimum speed at which intentional engine failures are to be performed. This speed is selected by the manufacturer to reduce the accident potential from loss of control due to simulated engine failures at inordinately slow airspeeds.
Is Oroca MSL or AGL?
Flight Planning When planning your flight remember that the MEF and OROCA are listed in msl and ceilings are in agl.
What is the difference between MEA and MOCA?
Both the MEA and MOCA provide the same obstruction clearance. The only differ- ence is that radio navigation signal coverage is provided along the entire airway segment at the MEA, but the MOCA provides radio navigation signal coverage only within 22 nautical miles of the VOR.
What is a changeover point?
Changeover Points (COP) The COP is a point along the route or airway segment between two adjacent VORs where changeover in navigation guidance should occur. At this point, the pilot should change the navigation receiver frequency from the station behind the aircraft to the station ahead.
How do you calculate minimum safe altitude?
MSA is minimum safety altitude and is required to be calculated and noted on your plog. It is the height of ground, rounded up to the next 100ft + 300ft for unmarked objects + 1,000ft safety.
What is MAA altitude?
The maximum authorized altitude ( MAA ) is the highest altitude at which the airway can be flown with assurance of receiving adequate navigation signals.
Can you fly below the MEA?
allow[s] IFR certified Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) equipped aircraft to be cleared below published Minimum En Route Altitudes ( MEA )… The notice explained that: For aircraft using VOR, VORTAC or TACAN for navigation, this [i.e., flying at the MOCA] applies only within 22 miles of that NAVAID.